От 21 до 28 ноември 2014 г. ще се проведе Европейска седмица, посветена на изследването за ХИВ (HIV Testing Week) –неправителствена инициатива, водена от група независими експерти, които работят в посока ранната диагностика на ХИВ инфекцията.
От България в Европейската седмица за изследване за ХИВ ще се включат 28 Регионални здравни инспекции (РЗИ), 26 неправителствени организации (НПО), подполучатели  на средства по Програма „Превенция и контрол на ХИВ/СПИН”, както и общини, училища, университети, търговски центрове и заведения, които осигуряват пространство за мобилните медицински екипи. 
РЗИ и НПО ще предоставят доброволно, анонимно и безплатно консултиране и изследване за ХИВ в цялата страна. Целта на инициативата е да повиши обществената информираност по отношение на вируса на човешкия имунодефицит, да популяризира изследването за ХИВ и да даде възможност на всеки да узнае своя ХИВ статус.
Факт е, че ефективното лечение на ХИВ, което е налично в европейските страни от средата на 1990-те години, доведе до рязко намаляване на случаите на СПИН и честотата на смъртните случаи, резултат от заболяването. 
Въпреки тези успехи се счита, че всеки трети европеец не е наясно с ХИВ статуса си. Броят на хората, заразени с ХИВ, продължава да нараства в Източна Европа. Експерти считат, че инфектираните с вируса в Европа възлизат на 2,3 милиона души. Основен проблем в целия регион е ненавременното диагностициране на инфекцията. 50% от ХИВ позитивните са диагностицирани късно, което забавя и достъпа им до антиретровирусна терапия.  
Изследването за ХИВ се приема за крайъгълен камък в превенцията на разпространението на вируса, причиняващ СПИН, като осигурява ранно откриване на заболяването и възможност за промяна в начина на живот на хората в посока безрисково поведение. Ранното диагностициране осигурява своевременно започване на лечение и пълноценен живот с нормална продължителност на засегнатите лица. Антиретровирусната терапия е важно условие за намаляване на риска от инфектиране за нови хора. 
Всичко това води до намаляване на разходите в системата на здравеопазването.  Данни за резултатите от Европейската седмица за изследване за ХИВ ще бъдат оповестени на 1 декември, Световен ден за борба срещу СПИН.

Публикувана от rosen -петък, 21 ноември 2014 - 09:37:11изглед за печат

Victory for LGBT community in BOTSWANA

Supported by our Linking Organisation BONELA, the High Court in Gabarone has ruled that LGBT organisations have the right to registration.

The case – which was heard on 14 November - was brought by 10 individuals from the LGBT organisation, LEGABIBO which is hosted by BONELA.

They argued that the refusal by the government to register their organisation violated their constitutional rights, including their rights to freedom of association, freedom of expression, and equal protection of the law.

“We are overjoyed at the outcome of the case. Lesbians, gays and bisexuals have long strived to be able to form an organisation which can support them and be their voice on matters that affect them,” says Caine Youngman, LEGABIBO Coordinator. “It has been a long and arduous journey towards recognition and we are relieved that the court has protected our rights”.

“Botswana’s HIV/AIDS National Strategic Framework 2010-2016 seeks to ensure equal access to health and social support services for all people regardless of race, creed, religious or political affiliation, sexual orientation or socio-economic status. LEGABIBO intends to work with government to improve access to health services for LGBT persons, and this judgment enables them to do so,” says Cindy Kelemi from Botswana Network on Ethics, Law and HIV/AIDS (BONELA).

Source: http://www.aidsalliance.org/

Публикувана от rosen -четвъртък, 20 ноември 2014 - 16:54:57изглед за печат

HIV virulence depends on where virus inserts itself in host DNA

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can insert itself at different locations in the DNA of its human host -- and this specific integration site determines how quickly the disease progresses, report researchers at KU Leuven's Laboratory for Molecular Virology and Gene Therapy. Their study was published online today in the journal Cell Host & Microbe.

When HIV enters the bloodstream, virus particles bind to and invade human immune cells. HIV then reprogrammes the hijacked cell to make new HIV particles.
The HIV protein integrase plays a key role in this process: it recognises a short segment in the DNA of its host and catalyzes the process by which viral DNA is inserted in host DNA.Integrase can insert viral DNA at various places in human DNA. But how the virus selects its insertion points has puzzled virologists for over 20 years.
Now a team of KU Leuven researchers has discovered that the answer lies in two amino acids. Doctoral researcher Jonas Demeulemeester, first author of the study, explains: "HIV integrase is made up of a chain of more than 200 amino acids folded into a structure. By modelling this structure, we found two positions in the protein that make direct contact with the DNA of the host. These two amino acids determine the integration site. This is not only the case for HIV but also for related animal-borne viruses."

Source: KU Leuven's Laboratory for Molecular Virology and Gene Therapy

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Публикувана от rosen -сряда, 12 ноември 2014 - 16:12:20изглед за печат

Put human rights at heart of HIV programming and advocacy

A new human rights monitoring and response system aims to improve public health outcomes for the millions of people affected by HIV who are denied their human rights, and are experiencing ill health, isolation, abuse and financial insecurity as a consequence.

REAct (which stands for Rights, Evidence, Action) is a community-based system set up to monitor and respond to human rights-related barriers to HIV and health services.

Collecting human rights data

REAct has been developed to allow community-based and civil society organisations who are working with people at higher risk of HIV to document their experiences of accessing state-run HIV and sexual and reproductive health services.Enrique Restoy, Senior Advisor on HIV and human rights, and co-designer of the REAct system, explains:
“All the evidence shows that punitive laws, discriminatory and brutal policing and denial of access to justice for people with and at risk of acquiring HIV only serve to hinder people from accessing prevention tools and treatment.
“We know that when human rights are placed at the core of national HIV programmes that positive public health outcomes can be achieved, such as a greater number of people testing for HIV, more people coming forward for HIV treatment and care services and generally people discussing HIV more openly in their communities.”
What human rights data looks like

Right now REAct is being used in Uganda by our implementing partners under the SHARP programme (Sexual Health and Rights); Sexual Monitories Uganda (SMUG), Spectrum and Icebreakers Uganda, and in Myanmar as part of the LINK UP programme (sexual and reproductive health and rights for young people most affected by HIV).

Trained REAct implementers gather individual case information from their clients on the specific issues they face – from police abuse to inequitable health care, from gender based violence to denial of property rights, from prejudiced media coverage to discriminatory employment practices.Once this information is logged within REAct, it is analysed to:
  • improve the local crisis response to individual emergencies
  • inform ‘what works’ in delivering quality human rights-based services 
  • provide evidence for national and global advocacy efforts.
Source: http://www.aidsalliance.org/

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Публикувана от rosen -вторник, 11 ноември 2014 - 16:20:42изглед за печат

First to pass accreditation in Africa

Positive Vibes, our partner in Namibia, is the first African Linking Organisation to become fully accredited under the revamped accreditation system

The decision was made at a meeting of the Accreditation Committee in India on 26 September 2014. At the same meeting, the accreditation of the Secretariat was also approved. Positive Vibes and the Secretariat join KHANA, our Linking Organisation in Cambodia, which was the first organisation to pass earlier this year.

Caspar Erichsen, Executive Director of Positive Vibes, commented on the news: “We remain proud members of the Alliance and I am happy to say that the experience of the accreditation was on the whole very positive. It gave us pause to reflect with a strong group of peers but also introduced a necessary urgency to fix gaps. Now remains the challenge of setting up more robust long-terms systems.’’

About accreditation

Accreditation is how we guarantee standards and ensure a shared vision and values across our membership. As Monica Davison, Accreditation Advisor, explains: “Accreditation is a vital capacity building tool for civil society organisations who are championing community-led programming and South-to-South cooperation in order to tackle the HIV epidemic in their own countries. It is also proof of capability for current and prospective donors and government stakeholders.”

During the assessment process – which can take up to twelve months - Linking Organisations have to demonstrate that they have appropriate governance and organisational management systems, and can implement specialist HIV programming and policy work which is good value, effective and designed with the involvement of the people who need them the most.

Progress by another ten Linking Organisations will be considered by the Committee in December. Watch this space!

Read more about Accreditation here.

Source: http://www.aidsalliance.org/

Публикувана от rosen -вторник, 11 ноември 2014 - 16:08:05изглед за печат

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